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Leveraging Partnerships to Increase Access to Power in Sub-Saharan Africa
Two out of three sub-Sarahan Africans — 600 million people — lack access to electricity, forcing them to spend significant amounts of their income on costly and unhealthy forms of energy, like diesel to run factory generators and smoky and scarce wood for indoor fires for cooking.
On June 30, 2013 in Cape Town, South Africa, President Obama announced Power Africa— an initiative to double the number of people with access to power in Sub-Saharan Africa. Power Africa will achieve this goal by unlocking the substantial wind, solar, hydropower, natural gas, and geothermal resources in the region to enhance energy security, decrease poverty, and advance economic growth.
Power Africa will start by working with African governments, the private sector, and other partners such as the World Bank and African Development Bank in six focus countries — Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria and Tanzania — to add more than 10,000 megawatts (MW) of clean, efficient electricity generation capacity. By expanding mini-grid and offgrid solutions and building out power generation, transmission, and distribution structures, Power Africa will make electricity access available for 20 million people and commercial entities.
At the same time, Power Africa will enhance energy resource management capabilities, allowing partner countries to meet their critical energy needs and achieve sustainable, long-term energy security.
A New Operating Model: Mobilizing Investments in Energy
The level of funding needed to electrify the continent far outstrips the capacity of African governments and foreign donors. As a result, Power Africa has developed an innovative model based on transactions with private investors and also policy support to governments to focus and enable key energy projects. By leveraging U.S. strengths in energy technology, private sector engagement, and policy and regulatory reform, Power Africa will galvanize collaboration, make quick-impact interventions, and drive systemic reforms to facilitate future investment.
The Power Africa model is part of President Obama’s new approach to development, which builds local capacity and supports innovative ways to make traditional assistance programs more effective and sustainable.
Power Africa also is partnering with Uganda and Mozambique on responsible oil and gas resource management.
For the first, five-year phase, through 2018, of Power Africa, the U.S. Government has committed more than $7 billion in financial support and loan guarantees, in addition to the coordinated support and expertise of 12 U.S. government agencies. Power Africa is also working closely with development finance partners, such as the African Development Bank and the World Bank, to enhance the availability of energy sector resources in Africa.
Every dollar the U.S. Government has committed to Power Africa has already leveraged two dollars in private sector investment commitments. Power Africa’s financial partners have committed to providing over $14 billion in project finance through direct loans, guarantee facilities, and equity investments.