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Diaspora University & Town Model to Improve Kenya Environment

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Waste and deterioting Town along Mombasa Road Waste and deterioting Town along Mombasa Road

Kenya environment continues to deteriorate as population grows. Air pollution through dust and poorly managed waste makes Kenya environment bad. Rivers that flowed with water are becoming dry. Joseph Mwandairo, a Civil Engineer who is working on the Diaspora University Town says, “Voi River that used to flow with water all year round it is now a seasonal river. It is currently dry.” By 2022 as Diaspora University progresses though project based learning more than 1,000 projects that advance Kenya environment sustainability will be implemented to meet Kenya constitution article 42.

Kenya Constitution 42 states, “Every person has the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right— (a) to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations through legislative and other measures, particularly those contemplated in Article 69; and (b) to have obligations relating to the environment fulfilled under Article 70.”

Diaspora University Town plan is set to comply with the Kenya Constitution law requirements and laws on environment derived from the constitution during the development. The plan that has an academic and research component is further set up to advance environmental studies in Kenya. 

Kenya Constitution 69. (1) The State shall— (a) ensure sustainable exploitation, utilisation, management and conservation of the environment and natural resources, and ensure the equitable sharing of the accruing benefits; (b) work to achieve and maintain a tree cover of at least ten per cent of the land area of Kenya; (c) protect and enhance intellectual property in, and indigenous knowledge of, biodiversity and the genetic resources of the communities; (d) encourage public participation in the management, protection and conservation of the environment; (e) protect genetic resources and biological diversity; (f) establish systems of environmental impact assessment, environmental audit and monitoring of the environment; (g) eliminate processes and activities that are likely to endanger the environment; and (h) utilise the environment and natural resources for the benefit of the people of Kenya. (2) Every person has a duty to cooperate with State organs and other persons to protect and conserve the environment and ensure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources.

Kenya Constitution 70.  (1) If a person alleges that a right to a clean and healthy environment recognised and protected under Article 42 has been, is being or is likely to be, denied, violated, infringed or threatened, the person may apply to a court for redress in addition to any other legal remedies that are available in respect to the same matter. (2) On application under clause (1), the court may make any order, or give any directions, it considers appropriate–– (a) to prevent, stop or discontinue any act or omission that is harmful to the environment; (b) to compel any public officer to take measures to prevent or discontinue any act or omission that is harmful to the environment; or (c) to provide compensation for any victim of a violation of the right to a clean and healthy environment. (3) For the purposes of this Article, an applicant does not have to demonstrate that any person has incurred loss or suffered injury.

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